Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world today, second only to water, and its medicinal properties have been widely explored. Black tea is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Black tea is fermented, the leaves are first rolled and then exposed to air to trigger the fermentation process. This reaction causes the leaves to turn dark brown and allows the flavors to heighten and intensify. Black tea is loaded with antioxidants called polyphenols that protect human cells from hazardous free radical damage. Groups of polyphenols, including catechins, theaflavins, and thearubigins, are the main sources of antioxidants in black tea and may promote overall health